PPA 101 FUNDAMENTALS OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT 3 credits / 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none The student will examine the basic concepts and processes of organization, leadership, decision-making, and information flow as they are applied in the public sector. PPA 123 ADMINISTRATION OF PERSONNEL RESOURCES 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: PPA 101 (Recommended) Students will be introduced to fundamental concepts about human resource administration, including personnel management and various supervisory techniques. Through case studies and realistic treatment of actual personnel problems, the student will learn about recruitment, selection, motivation, and placement of employees. Group and individual approaches will be used. PPA 253 BUREAUCRACY 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: PPA 101 (Recommended) The student will assess the administrative processes as they relate to the behavior of complex organizations. The student will discuss attitudes and how they affect and/or control behavior, the principles of motivation and how to use them, and the dynamics of interpersonal relationships. ADM 2508 FIELD PRACTICUM/ORGANIZATION THEORY 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: PPA 101 (Recommended); eighteen (18) more ADM credits Co-requisites: none The student will observe and participate in an area of special interest and ADM concentration. The student will be placed in governmental departments or agencies where he/she will engage in specific research projects/administrative assignments at policy or administrative levels. The students will also meet in the classroom to explore the fundamentals of organization theory and to discuss where theory and practice of the practicum assignment fuse, are in conflict, or are not related. PPA 110 STATE AND LOCAL ADMINISTRATION 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none The student will explore, through case histories and selected readings, current problems arising from the relationships between American state, county, city, and local governments. Special emphasis will be paid to the influence of the media, laws, politicians, and pressure groups on organizing and managing public agencies and programs. PPA 111 FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: PPA 101 (Recommended) The student will study the nature, structure, and management of the federal bureaucracy and civil service; the types of roles of the public administrator, and employment in the public sector, particularly in the federal government. In addition, the student will analyze the role of the public administrator, as well as employment in the public sector. PPA 251 WOMEN IN MANAGEMENT 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none The course will analyze the role of women in managerial positions, particularly in public sector organizations. Case examples will be utilized to provide students with a practical understanding of the obstacles encountered and strategies used to successfully achieve the objectives. PPA 120 UNIONS 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none This course is intended to study the development, growth, and trends of unionism and to acquaint the student with the history of collective bargaining in America. Attention will be paid to definitions and concepts of arbitration, grievances, complaints, negotiation, and mediation. The impact of strikes, legislation, and government regulation on employer-employee relationships, employee organizations, and the civil service system will also be examined and evaluated. Unionism as a phenomenon in both the public and private sector will be traced and analyzed. PPA 256 CAREERS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none The student will explore career opportunities in the criminal justice system at state and local levels, including the courts, correctional institutions, police agencies, and parole and probation departments. The student will understand the human relations and technical skills associated with such careers. CJ 101 INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none The student will examine the roles and functions of institutions within the criminal justice system at the federal, state, and local levels. Emphasis is placed on interactions between the police, the courts, the correctional institutions at the local level, and the influence of these institutions on the quality of life in the South Bronx community. LAW 120 PENAL LAW OF NEW YORK STATE 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none he student will gain a general understanding of the Penal Law of the State of New York with its historical and legal underpinnings. The Criminal Procedure law and its effect on the residents of the State of New York will be examined. LAW 150 THE ROLE OF THE POLICE IN THE COMMUNITY 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: CJ 101 (Recommended) The student will gain an understanding of the role and functions of the police department. The issues affecting the interactions between the police and the community will be examined from various points of view, including prejudice and discrimination. LAW 101 LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none Through historical investigation and critical analysis, the student will gain an understanding of the relationship between law and social change. The student will examine historical movements, such as: the abolitionist movement, labor movement, women's rights movement, and civil rights movement. LAW 125 IMMIGRATION LAW 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: SPA 121 for Spanish (Recommended) Co-requisites: none Fundamentals of current immigration and nationality law in the United States, its history, and proposals for change. CJ 201 ISSUES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none Students will examine major issues confronting modern American law enforcement agencies. Emphasis will be placed on recurring problems in today's society and their relevance to law enforcement. CJ 250 CRIMINAL JUSTICE WORKSHOP 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: CJ 101 (Recommended) Co-requisites: none The course is designed for students who are interested in the potential for research in criminal justice management. Students will explore idealistic principles that have served to define, for both criminal justice practitioners and the public, social roles and expectations in the criminal justice field. Moreover, students will examine why these principles are often difficult to apply in the administration of justice. PPA 121 SOCIAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: PPA 101 (Recommended) Students will examine management of client-centered social and human services, i.e. the helping professions. Some of these areas of study will include: psychological and social services; assistance to the needy, aged and/or disabled; health counseling, therapeutic; and rehabilitative services for shut-ins, the mentally impaired, or incarcerated persons; welfare and other forms of aid in the areas and institutions of education, health, mental health, and correction. PPA 122 HEALTH AND WELFARE ADMINISTRATION 3 credits, 3 hours Prerequisite: none Co-requisites: none This course will deal with all levels of management in the health and hospital field. Students who wish to administer programs in health or health-related areas will explore, develop, and train for the acquisition of requisite skills in dealing with staff, facilities, budget, and community.