Subject Guides:  Behavioral and Social Sciences



      General Sources

      Databases/Electronic Resources

      Electronic Journals

      Professional Associations

      Statistics/Data Collection

      Behavioral Sciences




       Social Sciences 



               Political Economy

                Political Science

        Public Administration

               Best Practices

                Case Studies

               Criminal Justice

        Paralegal Studies



Compiled by:

Professor Rhonda L. Johnson


General Sources:


Social Science Gateways on the Net

This extensive listing of gateways to the social sciences is provided by Social Science Data Collection, the Data Services Unit of the Library of the University of California, San Diego. The listings cover all the social science subfields, as well as governmental, census, and demographic statistics.


Social Science Hub

This site contains resources for Anthropology, Sociology and Archaeology and other associated disciplines. There are links to Websites, newsgroups, news, research tools, data archives, and publications. The site is maintained by Sharyn Clarkson of Canberra Australia.  Miss Clarkson has a BA in Sociology and Anthropology and presently works in social policy. Be forewarned of the site’s “anti-U.S. foreign policy” viewpoint.


Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG)

Relying on the expertise of specialists, SOSIG aims to provide a trusted source of selected, high quality Internet information for students, academics, researchers and practitioners in the social sciences, business and law. This freely available Internet service is a product of the UK Resource Discovery Network, a collaboration of over 70 educational and research organizations. This is a database of over 50,000 social science web pages.


Social Sciences Virtual Library

As part of the World-Wide Web Virtual Library, this site provides social science online information. It provides links to directories, electronic journals,  scholarly societies, and more.  Gene R. Thursby, Ph.D., of the University of Florida is the editor of this site.


Databases/Electronic Resources


Academic Search Premier
Provides full text for nearly 3,200 scholarly publications covering academic areas of study including social sciences, humanities, education, computer sciences, engineering, language and linguistics, arts & literature, medical sciences, and ethnic studies. Click here for a complete title list. Click here for more info.


Business Source Premier
Provides full text for nearly 2,280 scholarly business journals covering management, economics, finance, accounting, international business and much more. Click here for a complete title list. Click here for more info


Education Abstracts FT
Education Abstracts Full Text includes abstracts and full text of articles from nearly 400 journals. Topics covered include:  preschool, elementary, secondary, and higher education; special and vocational education; comparative and multicultural education; adult and continuing education; computer technology; teacher education, evaluation, and methods; school administration; and parent-teacher relations. Coverage begins with 1983, abstracts with 1995, and full text with 1996. The CUNY+ version, found under EDUC, contains only citations, and coverage ends on 12/22/99.


ERIC, the U.S. Department of Education Educational Resource Information Center database, contains citations and abstracts from over 980 educational and education-related journals, as well as full text of more than 2,200 digests. Click here for more info


Ethnic NewsWatch
Ethnic NewsWatch contains a full-text collection of articles, editorials, and reviews published in the newspapers, magazines, and journals of the ethnic minority and native press. Ethnic NewsWatch, which is available in both English and Spanish, provides multicultural coverage of subjects of general interest with special focus on African-American, Hispanic, Latino, Chicano, Native American, Asian-American, Jewish, Arab-American and European-American news.



GenderWatch is a full text database of unique and diverse publications that focus on how gender impacts a broad spectrum of subject areas. With its archival material, dating back to 1970 in some cases, GenderWatch is a repository of an important historical perspective on the evolution of the women's movement and the changes in gender roles. Publications include academic and scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, regional publications, books, booklets and pamphlets, conference proceedings, and government, non-governmental organization, and special reports. Covers Government , History and Politics, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Women's Studies. GenderWatch is designed to provide immediate answers to general reference questions, in addition to serving as an authoritative resource for Gender Studies, Women's Studies, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender studies, and Family Studies. Its international mix of content from non-mainstream publications makes GenderWatch a unique resource.


HAPI Online

HAPI Online, the Hispanic American Periodical Index, is produced by an editorial staff at the UCLA Latin American Center. The database covers 1970 to present. From analyses of current political, economic, and social issues to unique coverage of Latin American arts and letters, HAPI Online contains bibliographic citations to journal and magazine articles, book reviews, documents and original literary works about Central and South America, Mexico, the Caribbean basin, the United States-Mexico border region, and Hispanics in the United States. It does not contain full-text articles. Complimentary to this database is the Handbook of Latin American Studies Online (HLAS Online <>). Citations are either in Spanish or English.



Created exclusively for Spanish-speaking users, this full-text electronic reference tool is the first system to provide indexing, images and full text of popular Hispanic magazines -- not just translations. Also included is a thesaurus and interface that are uniquely designed for Spanish-speaking users. ¡Informe! thinks through every query in Spanish. Informe! also features title annotations in both English and Spanish. Includes of 50 full-text Spanish-language and bilingual periodical. Click here for a title list. Updated daily.


International Index to Black Periodicals Database

Analyses of African-American literature; reviews of calypso music; features on civil rights, education policy, and politics in a range of African nations are just a few topics that researchers can explore with International Index to Black Periodicals Full Text. The Index includes current and retrospective bibliographic citations and abstracts from 132 scholarly and popular journals,

newspapers and newsletters from the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean - and full-text coverage of nearly twenty core Black Studies periodicals (1998 forward). Retrospective coverage includes 120,000 citations from over forty publications, with records dating back to 1902. Coverage is international in scope and multidisciplinary - spanning cultural, economic, historical, religious, social and political issues of vital importance to the Black Studies discipline. Updated monthly.



This electronic journal service provides full text access to more than 250 journals in language and literature, Latin American and Asian studies, political science, history, business, arts and sciences, and other fields in the social sciences and humanities. Journal coverage begins with the first issue of each journal, in some cases going as far back as the 1800s. Current journals are not entered into the database for 2 to 5 years.


Learning Express

LearningExpress Library provides a completely interactive online learning platform of practice tests and tutorial course series designed to help students and adult learners succeed on the academic or licensing tests they must pass. You'll get immediate scoring, complete answer explanations, and an individualized analysis of your results. The service provides over 300 Practice Tests and Courses, including the ACT, SAT, GED, GRE, TOEFL Exams, CUNY Math and Reading, ESL skills, Civil Service exams, citizenship, and much more. The services provides a Mirror of OFFICIAL Tests so that students gain familiarity with the test format. Each practice test provides immediate feedback on performance, ability to finish later that fits any student’s schedule, unlimited remote access so you can practice at your convenience, any time, anywhere, 24/7. Each new user must Sign in and create a unique user ID and password to access the tests. Once an ID and password is created on campus, you can then access the site from home or anywhere off campus.


LEXIS-NEXIS Academic Universe
LEXIS-NEXIS Academic Universe is a full-text database that provides access to a wide range of news, business, legal and reference information compiled specifically for the research needs of academic institutions. LEXIS-NEXIS may be searched for general, company, industry, legal and government news, company financial information, country and state profiles, biographical information, medical abstracts, law reviews, U.S. code, constitution and court rules, and state legal research.


MasterFILE Premier
Provides full text for over 1,880 periodicals covering nearly all subjects including general reference, business, health, and much more. Click here for a complete title list. Click here for more info


PsycINFO 1887-Current
Provides indexing and abstracts for over one million articles in 1,700 journals from over 50 countries. This database, provided by the American Psychological Association, also includes abstracts for dissertations, books and book chapters ranging in date from 1887 to the present. Click here for more info


Social Services Abstracts (CSA)  |  (En Espanol)
Social Services Abstracts provides coverage of current research focused on social work, human services, and related areas, including social welfare, social policy, and community development. The database starts with 1980. Part of Cambridge Scientific Abstracts.


Social Sciences Abstracts (Wilson)
Social Sciences Abstracts indexes and abstracts articles covering addiction studies, area studies, community health & medical care, corrections, criminal justice, economics, environmental studies, ethics, family studies, gender studies, geography, gerontology, law, public administration, political science, psychiatry, psychology, social work, sociology and urban studies. Coverage begins with 1983. Abstracting coverage begins with periodicals published in January 1994.


Sociological Abstracts  |  (En Espanol)

This database covers the latest research in the fields of sociology, social sciences and related disciplines. Abstracts and enhanced citations are available for over 1,640 journals, monographs, conference papers and dissertations (1960 - present). Click here for more info


WWW version of the OCLC union catalog containing bibliographic information on over 39 million items from books and journals to CD-ROMs and videos. Includes holding information from libraries around the world. Part of FirstSearch (OCLC).


Electronic Journals


Links to the online versions of these journals are provided for publication information and tracking the literature. Some of these online titles allow browsing and searching of abstracts, while some provide full-text access. For access to the Hostos collection of full-text subscription databases that cover the chemistry and the natural sciences, see the Databases/Electronic resources section.


Anthropology/Archaeology  (Archaeological Research Institute)

Anthropology Online  (Washington University, St. Louis)

Economic Journals Online (University of California, San Diego)

History Journals Guide (Steven Blaschke, WWW Virtual Library)

Online Psychology  (John H. Krantz. Ph.D., Hanover College)

Political Economy Journals (IPEnet, International Studies Association)

Political Science Journals (Poly-Cy, West Virginia University)

Psychology Journals (WWW Virtual Library)

Social Science Periodicals (UNESCO)

Sociology E-journals (McMaster University, WWW Virtual Library)

WebEC: List of Economic Journals (WWW Virtual Library)


Professional Associations


Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

American Anthropological Association

American Economic Association

American Historical Association

            American Planning Association

            American Political Science Association

American Psychological Association

            American Society of Criminologists

            American Society of Public Administration

American Sociological Association

National Association of Legal Assistants

National Federation of Paralegal Associations


Statistics/Data Collection


Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)

BEA produces economic accounts statistics that enable government and business decision-makers, researchers, and the American public to follow and understand the performance of the Nation’s economy.  To do this, BEA collects source data, conducts research and analysis, develops and implements estimation methodologies, and disseminates statistics to the public.  This agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce attempts to promote a better understanding of the U.S. economy by providing the most timely, relevant, and accurate economic data in an objective and cost-effective manner.

Designed to help practitioners, researchers, students, and other data users quickly gain access to relevant state and substate socioeconomic data. EconData.Net has 1,000 links to socioeconomic data sources, arraigned by subject and provider, pointers to the Web’s premier data collections and their own list of the ten best sites for finding regional economic data.  This site is sponsored by the Economic Development Administration as a service to regional data users, and is jointly operated by Impresa, Inc. and Andrew Reamer & Associates, independent economic development consulting firms.



Maintained by the Federal Interagency Council on Statistical Policy, this site provides access to a full range of official statistical information offered to the public by the Federal Government. Clickable maps are provided to obtain state and local data profiles drawn from multiple federal statistical agencies, with links to the original data sources. The official statistics included here are collected and published by more than 100 Federal agencies. If you want to get a quick overview of what federal agencies provide what kinds of data, come here.


Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR)

ICPSR maintains and provides access to a vast archive of social science data for research and instruction. ICPSR, a membership organization of over 500 colleges and universities worldwide, is a unit of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.



United States Bureau of Labor Statistics

This is the principal fact-finding governmental agency in the field of labor economics and statistics. There are extensive links to issues such as occupations, demographics, inflation and consumer spending, publications and research papers, and even career information for kids.


University of Michigan Documents Center

This site provides an exhaustive listing of statistical resources on the web.  It is organized by subjects, ranging from agriculture to weather, and provides a choice of frame or non-frame viewing.  The site is maintained by Grace York, Coordinator of the Documents Center at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.


U.S. Census Bureau

This bureau of the Department of Commerce is known as “the nation’s fact finder”. Here you will find census data covering population projections, income, poverty, foreign trade and more.  In addition, there are more than 200 annual surveys, many of them having been conducted for other governmental agencies.


Behavioral Sciences





A well-designed, searchable glossary of terms used in the field, covering cultural and physical anthropology and archaeology. The site is maintained by the Anthropology Department at the University of California, Santa Barbara.


AnthroTECH WWW Virtual Library-Anthropology

A comprehensive list of Web resources related to the field, with sections on linguistic anthropology, applied anthropology, archaeology, and biophysical anthropology and links to discussion forums, journals, organizations, and more. Well-organized and regularly updated, it includes explanatory annotations for each link. AnthroTECH, both the site and the company, were created by Eliot Lee, an applied anthropologist and graduate of Northern Arizona University.



ArchNet serves as the World Wide Web Virtual Library for Archaeology. This server provides access to archaeological resources available on the Internet. Information is categorized by geographic region and subject Catalan, Dutch, French, German, Italian, and Spanish language versions of the home page are also available.




Social Psychology Network

With a claim of being the largest social psychology database on the Internet, there are more than 5,000 links related to psychology at this site. Maintained by Scott Plous of Wesleyan University, there are links to distance learning centers, textbooks, research groups and funding, as well as electronic forums.  Supported by a National Science Foundation grant, this site can read in French, Spanish, German, and Italian. (see bottom of page)




The Sociolog:  Julian Dierkes's Comprehensive Guide to Sociology Online.

This site offers extensive links to information on numerous topics in the field, such as teaching sociology, sociological practice, mailing lists, professional associations, and research institutes. The site is regularly updated and maintained by Julian Dierkes of the Institute of Asian Research at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada.  


The Socioweb: Independent Guide to Sociological Resources on the Internet

Features links to sites on major sociologists, theories, and research data. This site is updated frequently and includes a search engine and a sociology-focused chat room. It is edited and maintained by Mark Blair, a sociology graduate of Sonoma State University and active partner in a leading web development firm in Sonoma County, California.



Social Sciences




WebEC:  World Wide Web Resources in Economics

Lists and describes material of interest to mainly academic economists and is at least in part freely available on the Internet. WebEc is a part of NetEc, an international academic effort to improve the communication of Economics via electronic media.  Lauri Saarinen of the Center for Innovative Education in Helsinki, Finland maintains this site.



The objective of this financial economics website is to list internet resources providing substantive information concerning economics and finance-related topics. Links to journals, working papers, and databases can be found here. This site is by James R. Garven, Ph.D of Baylor University.




American Memory

Library of Congress’ gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The site offers more than 7 million digital items from more than 100 historical collections. The site also provides a link that focuses on how to view the resources contained in the digital collection; some require special audio, documents, maps, photo and print images, and video viewers.


Best of History Websites

An award-winning "portal created for students, history educators, and general history enthusiasts.  Here you'll find sites, rated for usefulness and accuracy, that will help
you study or teach a wide variety of topics and periods in History."  The site was created by Thomas Daccord (B.A. Princeton University, M.A. Université de Montréal), history teacher at the Noble & Greenough School in Dedham, Massachusetts, and an instructional technology consultant.


WWW Virtual Library: History Central Catalogue

The premier meta-site for history, organized into research methods and materials, eras and epochs, historical topics, countries and regions, and world history.  Using a number of volunteer maintainers, this site is housed at the University of Kansas, Lawrence.

Political Economy


Berkeley Roundtable on the  International Economy

Contains online versions of a wide range of working papers, articles, conference proceedings, etc. related to political economy.  BRIE publications are free to download and hardcopies are available to order.  The site is located at the University of California, Berkeley.


            Political Science



This interagency initiative serves as the official U.S. gateway to government information.  Here users can browse a wealth of information as well as complete tasks, such as-research at the Library of Congress.  Users can also conduct important business online — such as apply for student loans, track Social Security benefits, compare Medicare options, reserve a National Park campsite, and administer government grants and contracts.  The site is administered by U.S. General Services Administration and also is available as a Spanish-language web portal, FirstGov en Español.


Thomas:  Legislative Information on the Internet

Brought into being by the leadership of the 104th Congress, this site’s purpose is to make Federal Legislative information freely available to the Internet public. Here you will find bills, laws, Congressional Records, roll call votes, committee reports and links to further information.  All information is made available as soon as the new files are received from the General Printing Office.



Public Administration


Best Practices 


Best Practices Database
This searchable database contains more than 1100 proven solutions from more than 120 countries to the common social, economic and environmental problems of an urbanizing world. The site is also available in French and Spanish languages.  The Best Practices database is a joint product of UN-HABITAT and The Together Foundation with the support of Dubai Municipality, the Best Practices Partners.


The National Center for Public Productivity

This Center is a research and public service organization devoted to improving productivity in the public sector.  It has a Best Practices Worldwide guide that posts public sector best practices in four categories: organization, award, scope and service.  This site also has links to teaching resources, teaching cases, curricular courses and

on-line modules, as well as publications and journals.  The site is sponsored by the Graduate Department of Public Administration of Rutgers University.


Case Studies


Case Studies in Public Administration
This site contains and interactive multi-media software program that contains links to 10 cases which are further linked to information about 10 themes and 10 skill areas in Public Administration.  Users of the site can read cases, observe how each them occurs in each case study, or explore how each skill area is implied in each case.  Make sure to see the technical requirements of the website before using.  Michelle A. Saint-Germain of the California State University Long Beach developed the site.


The Electronic Hallway
The Electronic Hallway offers teaching cases, exercises, role-plays, teaching workshops and curriculum planning resources to faculty focusing on public administration and public policy. Cases cover policy areas such as economic development, environment and land use, international affairs, and utilities and transit issues.  The Electronic Hallway is administered by the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington.


Criminal Justice


Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics

This is the online version of the annual SOURCEBOOK published by SUNY-Albany. Over 600 tables of data on just about any topic imaginable. Perfect tables, charts, and diagrams for importing into term papers.


National Criminal Justice Reference Center

NCJRS is a federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide.


Paralegal Studies


FindLaw LawCrawler

FindLaw claims to provide the most comprehensive listing of legal resources for legal professionals, businesses, students and individuals. This site is a search engine which searches legal websites as well as FindLaw and Web databases.  Links to legal research and news, federal and state law, international research and resources on legal subjects can be found here.


Paralegal Gateway

This site has a large listing of paralegal associations, career information, and help with legal research.  The founder and webmaster of this site is Jeannie S. Johnston, a paralegal from Monroe, Georgia.


Internet Legal Resource Guide

This site consists of a "categorized index" of more than 4000 international sites . The main index covers topics from legal research to “Academia".  There is also a link to what is claimed to be the “Internet’s largest collection of free legal forms” covering topics such as basic agreements, credit and collection, medical directives and power of attorney.