XI. THE LEAGUE
We gather at this
to fulfill one of our duties as Puerto Ricans, to work for the
social, economic, and political betterment of our people.
We believe there is
nothing better for this objective than the platform that the
League is already developing, with the establishment of night
classes and Sunday lectures as well as the foundations for a
municipal institute in Juana Diaz. The same will be done in other
objectives of the League of Puerto Rican Patriots are the
prompt change from a military to a civil government, the
establishment of a temporary government as soon as Congress
assembles, the quickest elevation of Puerto Rico to the category
of a State, reserving the right to a plebiscite for when the
political situation of the United States is favorable to it.
political objectives mean little in comparison to its social
At this moment in our
country's life, it principally is about preparations so that the
present generation can make efforts to improve its habits and
increase its knowledge, so that future generations can empower
themselves with all the resources which liberty places in our
To achieve this
purpose, it is essential to establish public instruction in all
grades and at all levels, for boys and girls, men and women.
It is essential
for education to be simultaneously social, civic, and military.
It is essential to
precipitate and facilitate the practice of political, economic,
civic, and cultural institutions which give all people the
aptitude, ability, and spontaneity necessary to live an active
life, improve public health and exercise the initiative that must
be applied to all the necessities of individual as well as social
There are three levels
of public instruction: Primary education, which should be given in
kindergarten and public schools;
Assembly of the representatives of
the Island town councils held in the San Juan Municipal
Theater on October 30, 1898, at which Hostos and Dr. Rafael
Cestero represented the Juana Diaz town council and presented this
supplement to the report of the forum on public instruction. See
El Pais, San Juan, P. R., October
Secondary education, which should
give practical scientific, civic, and technical knowledge;
which should give concrete knowledge of law, medicine,
engineering, and technology; and University education, which
should give all the knowledge of each of the general branches of
the positive sciences, not for practical reasons in life, but for
reasons of culture for the mind.
For the formation and
provision of a teaching profession, apt for this education as well
as military education, there should be:
Normal schools for teachers.
Normal schools for professors.
Normal schools for university
This gradation is not excessive when
considered the way to provide a thorough education.
For this purpose, in each of the
towns where it operates, the League will begin by founding
a night school, a municipal institute which comprises reformed
primary and secondary education, Sunday lectures, a daily
publication of general culture, and as many rural schools as
Normal schools for gentlemen
instructors will be founded in four of the provincial capitals,
and normal schools for lady instructors will be founded in the
three remaining capitals.
As long as the League does
not have the resources necessary to establish special institutes
for military and civic education, the municipal institutes will
provide this necessity, supplying the practical part of said
The League will
aid in facilitating political culture by contributing to the
establishment of rural municipalities which, in their tasks of
election and administration, will put the abilities of the
peasants into practice, abilities which necessarily go with the
work being accomplished.
The institution of
reserve banks and cooperative societies fm production and
consumption is so urgent for the moral and economic improvement
of the Puerto Rican populace-that which lives in urban groups as
well as that which teems in the country-that the League
would fail in its purpose of uplifting national character if it
did not work to establish these truly lifesaving institutions.
The foundation of
gymnasiums and firing ranges, which, when related to the duties of
citizens, are true civic education, is no less a part of the
purpose of the League.
The League of
Patriots is seeing that the workers in the country and in the
cities have no resources whatsoever against the three vices which
undermine them, nor places they would want to call home, nor
diversions which keep them away from the taverns, nor social
gatherings, landscapes, or places in the countryside which they
can enjoy and which would keep them away from gambling. To
establish societies with the purpose of building clean homes for
the workers; to induce men with initiative to establish popular
diversions; and to make an effort to constitute a society of
national choruses which sweeten the customs and harden the will to
be good citizens are cultural ends which the League will
It is obvious that
such a great task cannot be completed in a day, nor in a year, nor
in a generation, since it is the work of the entire life of a
people. This is precisely the merit of the purpose: until now
coalitions of men have had passing motives and transitory
objectives; from now on, with the League of Patriots, these
coalitionists will have work for the rest of their lives.
Because of corruption
from colonialism, not even the most cultured men of Puerto Rico
(and there are many more than patriotism had the right to expect
after such a disastrous domination as the Spanish domination) have
the initiative for anything, neither to rely completely upon
themselves, nor to cease to expect everything from the
representatives of power. Since what is needed today is exactly
the opposite, whether in order to live within the 'Union of the
United States of America or to live subject to the will of the U.
S. Congress, it is mandatory to acquire the two strengths of which
colonialism has deprived our society by restraining the exercise
of the rights which strengthen a person's individual and social
Recognizing this evil,
the League of Patriots also recognizes that it is
impossible for, our country to function as an active part of the
United States as long as it has not acquired the habits of relying
totally upon itself and of exercising its initiatives. Hence this
addition to the League's platform.