|A bias is a set of lenses through which we view the
world. Everyone has biases or preferences.
Example: If you prefer to buy
American cars, rather than European or Japanese cars, then it can be said that you have a bias
towards American cars. At the basic level a bias is an inclination or a predisposition
||Biases can grow into prejudices. A prejudice is a
preconceived opinion for or against something; sometimes based on irrational reasons or
If your friend relates to you:
"I'd never buy an Italian car, the Italians don't know how to make cars," he is
displaying a prejudice. Prejudice comes from the word, 'prejudge' which
means that a decision is made before facts are assembled, or a proper inquiry enacted.
|Prejudices can grow into unbridled hatred for a group
based on ethnicity. Racists believe their own group to be superior.
Example: If your friend extends his concept for Italian-made cars
to using statements such as: "I'd never buy a Ferrari. I wouldn't want to think of
all those spaghetti-stained fingers putting my car together .Besides, they
are all connected
to the Mafia and you don't know what you're getting." These would be racist statements.
|Jingoism is not as readily discussed as racism, but
it is equally as dangerous. A jingoist is a person who professes patriotism excessively.
This person usually favors an aggressive foreign policy and readiness for war.
Example: If you buy American cars because you believe completely in
the "Buy American" campaign and view Japanese and European automakers as
subversive and attempting to undermine the American economy, then you might be a jingoist.
If someone will only buy American cars or products because they want to support our
national steel companies, and national interest so that we are ready to go to war, they
are definably a jingoist.