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Language & Cognition Department Courses
English as a Second Language (ESL) Courses
ESL 15 ESL in Content Areas I 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
Prerequisite: Placement through the ACT Skills Assessment Test
Co-requisites: ESL 016
This six-hour content-based course for beginning academic ESL students utilizes subject matter from selected disciplines. In response to topics discussed, students will expand their vocabulary and improve their grammar within an integrated skills context that will permit practice in reading, writing, listening and speaking in English. This course will target linguistic and critical thinking skills through level-appropriate content material designed to motivate students to participate in class discussions and to prepare written assignments related to the various topics presented.
ESL 16 Literature and Contemporary Issues for ESL Students I 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
Prerequisite: Placement through the ACT Skills Assessment Test
Co-requisites: ESL 015
This six-hour course provides students with the opportunity to improve their linguistic and critical thinking skills through extensive reading, interpretation and analysis of a newspaper and authentic literary texts that are appropriate for beginning academic ESL students. The course also presents cultural and historical perspectives necessary to construct meaning from these texts. Students will begin to develop their understanding of literary and journalistic elements and broaden their general knowledge base. They will practice level-appropriate language structures through discussing and writing fiction, poetry and news articles. Students will develop speaking and listening skills through their participation in independent and collaborative projects.
ESL 25 ESL in Content Areas II 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
Prerequisite: ESL 015 or by placement
Co-requisites: ESL 026 or 027
This intermediate six-hour content-based ESL course utilizes subject matter from selected disciplines. In response to the topics discussed, students will expand their vocabulary and improve their grammar within an integrated skills context that will permit practice in reading, writing, listening and speaking in English. This course will target linguistic and critical thinking skills through intermediate level content material designed to motivate students to participate in class discussion and to prepare written assignments related to the various topics presented. The course will reinforce structures covered previously and will go on to cover intermediate-level grammar structures required for academic literacy. By writing multiple drafts for a variety of assignments, students will develop the ability to revise and edit their work. Assessment of student performance will be based on comprehension of and written/oral responses to uniform interdisciplinary content.
ESL 26 Contemporary Issues for ESL Students II 1 credit (3 equated/billable) 3 hours
Pre-requisite: ESL 015 or by placement ESL 015 or by placement
Co-requisite: ESL 025
This intermediate three-hour ESL course provides extensive reading of newspapers, magazines, and internet sources. Students will explore contemporary issues and their historical context while expanding their vocabulary and further developing their linguistic and critical thinking skills. They will learn to recognize the author's point of view, distinguish between news reports and editorial commentary, and interpret related charts and graphs. Students will be required to summarize, discuss, and interpret issues presented in these sources. Upon completion of the course, students will have broadened their general knowledge base and acquired the necessary skills to respond critically to contemporary issues.
ESL 27 Literature for ESL Students II 1 credit (3 equated/billable) / 3 hours
Prerequisite: ESL 015 or by placement
Co-requisites: ESL 025
This three-hour course provides students with the opportunity to improve their linguistic and critical thinking skills through extensive reading, interpretation, and analysis or authentic literary texts appropriate for intermediate level ESL students. These texts, selected for their relevance and literary value, include a variety of genres (fiction, poetry and drama). The course also presents cultural and historical perspectives necessary to construct meaning from these texts. Students will develop their understanding of literary elements such as point of view, character, plot, setting, irony and figurative language and employ them in their analysis. Assessment of student performance will be based on class discussion, personal response essays and other forms of writing that require students to compare and contrast themes and issues encountered in texts and relate them to personal experience.
ESL 35 ESL in Content Areas III 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
Prerequisite: ESL 025 or placement into ESL 035
Co-requisites: ESL 036 or ESL 037
This advanced six-hour content-based ESL course utilizes subject matter from selected disciplines. In response to the topics discussed, students will expand their vocabulary and improve their grammar within an integrated skills context that will permit practice in reading, writing, listening and speaking in English. This course will target linguistic and critical thinking skills through challenging content material designed to motivate students to participate in class discussions and to prepare in-depth written assignments. The course will reinforce structures covered in previous levels and will go on to cover more complex grammar and discourse knowledge required for academic literacy. By writing multiple drafts for a variety of assignments, students will develop the ability to revise and edit their work. The course will also include preparation for the ACT examinations. Assessment of student performance will be based on comprehension of written/oral response to uniform interdisciplinary content.
ESL 36 ESL Contemporary Issues III 1 credit (3 equated/billable) / 3 hours
Prerequisite: ESL 026 or ESL 027 or placement into ESL 035
Co-requisites: ESL 035
This advanced three-hour ESL course provides extensive reading of newspapers, magazines, and internet sources. Students will explore contemporary issues and their historical context while expanding their vocabulary and further developing their linguistic and critical thinking skills. They will learn to recognize the author's point of view, distinguish between news reports and editorial commentary, and interpret related charts and graphs. Students will be required to summarize, discuss, and interpret issues in these sources. There will be written homework assignments and various kinds of in-class writing. Assessment will be based upon students' knowledge of events and their ability to analyze, synthesize, and evaluate the course materials. Upon completion of the course, students will have broadened their general knowledge base and acquired the necessary skills to respond critically to contemporary issues.
ESL 37 ESL Studies in Literature III 1 credit (3 equated/billable) / 3 hours
Prerequisite: ESL 026 or ESL 027 or placement into ESL 035
Co-requisites: ESL 035
This three-hour advanced-level ESL course provides students with the opportunity to further develop their linguistic and critical thinking skills through extensive reading, interpretation, and analysis or authentic literary texts. These texts, selected for their relevance and literary value, include a variety of genres (fiction, memoir, poetry and drama). The course will also provide cultural and historical perspectives necessary to construct meaning from these texts. Students will deepen their understanding of literary elements such as point of view, character, plot, setting, irony and figurative language and employ them in their analysis. Assessment of student performance will be based on in-class discussion, personal-response essays and other forms of writing that require students to compare and contrast themes and issues raised by texts.
ESL 81 Intensive ESL Writing & Language Workshop I 3 credits (9 equated/billable) / 9 hours
(Formerly ESL 1381)
Prerequisite: ESL 015 or placement into ESL 025. Students must also be recommended by their ESL instructor and must pass a written exam and oral interview.
Co-requisites: ESL 083 (formerly ESL 1383)
This nine-hour course is comprised of two components: a six-hour intensive ESL writing component and a three-hour language workshop. Students will develop their ability to write narrative, descriptive, and expository essays and will receive additional practice in basic English grammar and verb tenses. Students in Language Workshop I will be responsible for planning and carrying out creative collaborative projects such as original plays and/or magazines.
ESL 82 Intensive ESL Writing & Language Workshop II 3 credits (9 equated/billable) / 9 hours
(Formerly ESL 1382)
Prerequisite: ESL 015 or ESL 081 and ESL 083 or placement into ESL 025. Students must also be recommended by their ESL instructor and must pass a written and oral interview.
Co-requisites: ESL 084 (formerly ESL 1384)
This nine-hour course is comprised of two components: a six-hour intensive ESL writing component and a three-hour language workshop. Students will continue to develop their ability to write narrative, descriptive, and expository essays, with special emphasis on rhetorical modes of argumentation and comparison/contrast. Basic verb tenses and grammatical structures will be reviewed and reinforced and use of more complex tenses and grammatical points will be introduced. Students in Language Workshop II will be responsible for planning and producing creative collaborative projects such as original plays and/or magazines.
ESL 83 Intensive ESL Reading & Conversation I 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
(Formerly ESL 1383)
Prerequisite: ESL 015 or placement into ESL 025. Students must also be recommended by their ESL instructor and must pass a written exam and oral interview.
Co-requisites: ESL 081
This course is designed to give students extensive practice in the use of all English language skills, with particular emphasis on reading and conversation. The course is intended to help students read and talk about gradually more complex texts in English with greater fluency and comprehension and to develop students' ability to utilize appropriate strategies to make meaning of different kinds of texts. Students will develop their ability to recognize general themes and concepts in their reading, to draw conclusions and make inferences using discussion, summary writing and critical essays. Students will be able to use reading as a way to increase their knowledge of self and the world.
ESL 84 Intensive ESL Reading & Conversation II 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
(Formerly ESL 1384)
Prerequisite: ESL 015 or ESL 081 and 083 or placement into ESL 025. Students must also be recommended by their ESL instructor and must pass a written exam and oral interview.
Co-requisites: ESL 082)
This course is designed to give students extensive practice in the use of all English language skills, with particular emphasis on reading and conversation. The course is intended to help students read and talk about gradually more complex texts in English with greater fluency and comprehension and to develop students' ability to utilize appropriate strategies to make meaning of different kinds of texts. Students will develop their ability to recognize general themes and concepts in their reading, to draw conclusions and make inferences using discussion, summary writing, and critical essays. Students will be able to use reading as a way to increase their knowledge of self and the world.
ESL 86 Intensive ESL Writing & Language Workshop 3 credits (9 equated/billable) / 9 hours
(Formerly ESL 1386)
Prerequisite: ESL 025 or placement into ESL 035. Students must also be recommended by their ESL instructor and must pass a written exam and oral interview.
Co-requisites: ESL 088 (formerly ESL 1388)
This nine-hour course is comprised of two components: a six-hour intensive ESL writing component and a three-hour language workshop. Students will continue to develop their ability to write narrative, descriptive, and expository essays, with special emphasis on argumentation and comparison/contrast. Basic verb tenses and grammatical structures will be reviewed and reinforced and use of more complex tenses and grammatical points will be introduced. Students in Language Workshop II will be responsible for planning and producing creative collaborative projects such as original plays and/or magazines.
ESL 88 Intensive ESL Reading & Conversation II 2 credits (6 equated/billable) / 6 hours
(Formerly ESL 1388)
Prerequisite: ESL 025 or placement into ESL 035. Students must also be recommended by their ESL instructor and must pass a written exam and oral interview.
Co-requisites: ESL 086
This course is designed to give students extensive practice in the use of all English language skills, with particular emphasis on reading and conversation. The course is intended to help students read and talk about gradually more complex texts in English with greater fluency and comprehension and to develop students' ability to utilize appropriate strategies to make meaning of different kinds of texts. Students will develop their ability to recognize general themes and concepts in their reading, to draw conclusions and make inferences using discussion, summary writing and critical essays. Students will be able to use reading as a way to increase their knowledge of self and the world.
ESL 91 Basic Composition 3 credits (9 equated/billable) / 9 hours
(Formerly ENG 1300)
Prerequisite: ESL 035 or ESL 082 or ESL 086
Co-requisites:ESL 092 (formerly ENG 1396)
Suggested Co-requisites:VPA 3614
This course is designed to prepare English as a Second Language students to perform successfully on the CUNY/ACT exam mandated for entrance into the English Department's freshman composition course, ENG 110 (Expository Writing). The course will focus on writing as an effective means of communication with particular emphasis on persuasive writing, along with critical reading and analysis of selected works. The course will also emphasize grammatical structures and language usage.
ESL 92 Foundations of Critical Reading 1 credit (3 equated/billable) / 3 hours
(Formerly ENG 1396)
Prerequisite: ESL 035 or placement into ESL 091
Co-requisites: ESL 091 (unless exempt)
The basic assumption of this course is that reading is a problem-solving process which requires a combination of a number of skills and strategies. The purpose of the course is to expose students to more complex prose, which will enable them to acquire more advanced language, and reading skills so that they are able to solve any problems they may encounter as readers. Some of the language skills emphasized in the course deal with work study, sentence study, paragraph reading and analysis, study of figurative language, and inference of tone, mood, point of view and author's intent. Reading skills include skimming, scanning, understanding of different writing patterns, anticipating outcomes and drawing conclusions. Study skills such as outlining, summarizing, and understanding maps, charts, and graphs will also be included. Writing will be required as part of this course. Classes meet twice a week.
LIN 100 Introduction to Linguistics 3 credits / 3 hours
Pre/Co-requisite: ESL 035 and 036 or 037; ESL 091 or ENG 091 or ENG 110 or ENG 111
This course will offer an introduction to the field of linguistics, providing students with the basic terms, discourse, and concepts related to the scientific of language. Topics will include the nature of human language; the social and chronological history of language. Students will learn phonology, syntax, lexicon, and non-verbal communication, and apply the principles of linguistics to their chosen fields, and to their own emerging linguistic competence and bilingualism.
LIN 101 Introduction to Contrastive Analysis: Spanish and English 3 credits / 3 hours
Pre/Co-requisite: ESL 035 and 036 or 037; or ESL 091 or ENG 091 or ENG 110 or ENG 111; Some knowledge of Spanish preferred.
This course provides an introduction to contrastive analysis of Spanish and English and develops an understanding of how the two languages are used as communication systems. The course focuses on carrying out descriptions of the two languages, noting similarities and differences, and predicting possible problems when a speaker of Spanish studies English and vice versa. The linguistic subsystems of both languages will be compared and contrasted. Students will specifically study the sound systems and their rules; the spelling patterns of words; word forms and grammar rules; sentence construction and word order; vocabulary words and sentence meaning; and the socio-cultural linguistic conventions appropriate to various situations.
LIN 102 Bilingualism 3 credits / 3 hours
Pre/Co-requisite: ESL 35 or higher
This course will explore the nature of bilingualism, both as a societal and an individual human phenomenon. It will include the study of language domains, language acquisition and language loss, the psychological, cognitive, legal, and sociological implications of living with two languages, and the educational and economic aspects of bilingualism. Students will have the opportunity to practice applied linguistics by integrating class materials with first-hand observations of bilingual communities and individuals, and applying theories and empirical evidence to an in-depth study of a bilingual individual.
LIN 103 Language Acquisition 3 credits / 3 hours
Pre/Co-requisite: ENG 91 or ESL 91 or higher
This course will focus on the process of language acquisition in normally developing children, from infancy to school age. Theories of language acquisition are explored, including those that are behavioral, psycholinguistic, and sociolinguistic. Students will learn about the developmental stages of language, and learn how to research, record, and interpret the theories. Students will study the relationship between oral and written language as well as language differences related to bilingualism and dialects.