Federal Programs >
Federal Direct Loan Programs
Federal Direct Loan Program (FDL)
A potential borrower MUST first file and receive a response from a FAFSA. Once the FAFSA is finalized, an applicant can apply for a William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan through the office of Student Financial Services by completing a Loan Origination Request Form.
A counseling session and the completion of a Direct Loan Entrance Interview Quiz are required. In addition, once the loan is approved, a promissory note MUST be signed by the borrower in order to have the loan disbursed.
Eligibility for William D. Ford Federal Direct Loans
To be eligible for a Federal Direct Loan, a student must be:
- A U.S. Citizen or Eligible Non-Citizen
- MUST be matriculated and registered for a minimum of 6 undergraduate credits for the semester(s) that you are applying for. (SUMMER / FALL / SPRING)
- Have at least a 2.0 cumulative G.P.A. unless it is your first semester at the college
You must meet all eligibility requirements for Federal Financial Aid. In addition, you must demonstrate financial need for the loan. Financial need is demonstrated when your EFC, plus the loan amount, plus any other financial aid you are receiving adds up to less than your cost of attendance.
Direct Loan Entrance Counseling Quiz
The Direct Loan Entrance Counseling Quiz can be completed on the internet at Entrance Counseling for Borrowers followed by an online master promissory note at www.studentloans.gov A Student loan Ombudsman office is available for assistance with loan problems at 1-877-557-2575 or http://ombudsman.ed.gov
How much money can I Borrow?
Dependent & Independent Students
1st Year – Fewer than 23 credits earned
Up to $3,500 Per Year (Subsidized)
2nd Year – 24 or more credits earned
Up to $4,500 Per Year (Subsidized)
Undergraduate Aggregated Maximum
No more than $23,000
Please note: If you are not eligible to borrow the full amount you request in Direct Subsidize loan funds, or you believe you need additional loan funds, you may be able to request some or all the balance as a Direct Unsubsidized Loan. If you are a dependent student, your parents may be able to take out a Direct PLUS Loan for you.
Are there any limitations on the amount I can Borrow?
Yes. You may not borrow more than the cost of attendance at Hostos C.C. minus the EFC minus any other financial aid you receive. Before processing your loan request, the Financial Aid Office will calculate the amount of loan assistance you are eligible for.
If your period of enrollment is less than a full academic year, the amount of loan assistance you are entitled to may be less than the maximum amounts listed above. Furthermore, the Federal Government may restrict how frequently you may request or receive the maximum loan amount. Finally, the Office of Financial Aid may refuse to process your loan request or may otherwise reduce the amount of your loan, if it provides you with a written explanation for its decision.
When Should I Apply for a Loan?
A student loan is a serious legal and financial obligation. You should apply for a loan only after careful consideration of all other options for financing your education. Think of borrowing as a commitment to pursuing and completing your education successfully. If you find you have to interrupt your studies, you could face having to repay your loan without the education you went into debt to obtain.
Williams D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Applications will be available to students at the beginning of each academic year. Visit the Financial Aid Office for further information.
Do I have to sign a new Master Promissory Note each year?
Once you have signed an electronic or paper Master Promissory Note for a Federal Direct Loan, you are not required to sign a new MPN in most instances. The note already on file will be used for subsequent year loan borrowing under the Federal Direct Loan program. You always have the option of resigning your MPN every time you borrow but it is not a requirement. PLEASE NOTE: if you previously signed an MPN that did not result in a disbursement of Direct Loan funds, you must resign your MPN for subsequent loan requests.
When do I receive my money?
Please note that no payments will be scheduled until at least 30 days of the term has passed.
Every attempt is made to have the actual loan disbursement dates coincide with the anticipated disbursement dates on your Loan Disclosure Statement. However, this is not always possible. Your actual loan disbursement date depends on when your MPN is returned and acknowledged by the processor and when this information links up with a scheduled CUNY financial aid payment cycle.
Your disbursement will be either in the form of a check or as a direct deposit. If you have elected the direct deposit option for receiving financial aid disbursements, your disbursement will be credited to your direct deposit account on the scheduled disbursement date.
Before crediting any loan funds toward your tuition or releasing any funds to you, the college will verify that you enrolled on at least a half-time basis.
The Bursar's Office will calculate unpaid tuition and fee balances at the time your loan is disbursed. Deductions from your loan proceeds will be credited to your unpaid charges before you receive the balance of your funds.
May I receive my money all at once?
No. You will receive your loan money in at least two installments, neither of which will be more than one-half of the loan total. For loans covering the full academic year, the second disbursement will be approximately 30 days after the start of the spring semester. For loans covering one semester only, the second disbursement will occur about midway through the semester.
May I cancel all or part of my loan(s) after it has been disbursed?
You have up to 14 days after the loan has been first disbursed to cancel all or part of the loan and have it returned to the U.S. Department of Education. To cancel all or part of your loan you must come to the Financial Aid Office to fill out the William D Ford Federal Direct Loan Change Form. On that form you may indicate that you want to cancel or decrease your loan.
You may cancel all or part of your loan by returning the funds yourself to the U.S. Department of Education within 120 days of the loan disbursement date. Contact the Direct Loan Servicing Center for guidance on how and where to return your loan money.
You do not have to pay interest or the loan fee on the part of your loan(s) that you return within these timeframes.
What are the interest rates for Federal Direct Loans?
It varies. The interest rate for your loan is adjusted each year on July 1 and is calculated according to a federal formula. However, it will never exceed 8.25%. You will be notified as the interest changes throughout the life of the loan.
If you wish to find out the current academic year interest rates for each loan, please come to the Financial Aid Office for more information.
Am I charged interest while going to school?
SUBSIDIZED LOAN: “No”, the Federal Government supports or subsidizes the interest payments while you are in school and during any grace or deferment periods. You do not pay interest on a subsidized loan until your loan enters repayment.
UNSUBSIDIZED LOAN: “Yes”, the Federal Government does not pay the interest charges. You are charged interest from the day your loan is disbursed until it is fully repaid, including all in-school, grace and deferment periods. You have the option of either paying the interest as you go or allowing it to accumulate. If you allow the interest to accumulate, it will be capitalized, or added to the principal amount of the loan, thereby increasing the total amount you will have to repay.
Is there a charge for processing a loan?
Yes. You'll pay an origination fee of 1.0%. These will be deducted proportionately from each disbursement.
When do I pay back my loan?
You have a six month Grace Period after you graduate, leave school, or drop below half-time before you begin repaying your loan. During the grace period, you do not have to make payments on the Principle and you are not charged any interest. You can, of course, prepay any portion of your loan at any time without penalty.
How do I pay back my loan?
The Federal Direct Loan Program offers a choice of several repayment plans that differ in a number of ways to meet the needs of individual borrowers. You may choose any one of the plans and, in most cases, can change from one plan to another during your repayment period. There is no limit to the number of times you may switch from one plan to another. Each plan has certain features and conditions that you must carefully consider before deciding which plan to use. You will be able to receive information about these plans as well as other repayment options (such as loan consolidation) at your exit counseling.
- The Standard Repayment Plan requires you to pay a fixed amount each month until your loan is paid in full. Under this plan you will make no more than 120 monthly payments (10 years). For small loan amounts, the number of monthly payments will be fewer than 120. Each monthly payment will be at least $50.00 but may be more, if necessary, to repay the loan within 10 years. If you do not select one of the other payment plans, you will automatically be assigned the Standard Repayment Plan.
- The Income Sensitive Repayment Plan bases your monthly payment on a percentage of your annual income. As your income rises or falls, so do your payments. If your monthly repayment is calculated to be $15.00 or less, no payment will be required. You may take up to 25 years to repay your loan. After 25 years, any remaining loan balance will be forgiven -- although you will have to pay income tax on any amount forgiven. (Not available to PLUS loan borrowers.)
- The Extended Repayment Plan requires you to have a minimum loan debt of $30,000 in order to be eligible, but allows you up to 25 years to repay the loan. Under this plan you have the option of making either fixed payments (where the payment amounts are the same each month) or graduated payments (where the monthly amount starts low but increases every two years over the length of the repayment period). With this plan, your monthly payments may be lower than it would be under the Standard Repayment Plan, but you will pay more interest because your repayment period is longer.
- The Graduated Repayment Plan allows you to begin repaying your loan with lower monthly amounts. You will have up to 10 years to repay under this repayment option. The amount you pay each month will increase proportionately every 2 years over the length of the repayment period.
- The Income-Based Repayment Plan bases the amount of your monthly payment on your income during any period when you have a partial financial hardship. Your monthly payment may be adjusted annually. The maximum repayment period under this plan may exceed 10 years. To qualify for this plan, you will have to have enough debt relative to your income to qualify for a reduced payment. That means it would take more than 15 percent of whatever you earn above 150% of poverty level to pay off your loans on a standard 10-year payment plan. If you meet certain requirements over a specified period of time, you may qualify for cancellation of any outstanding balance of your loans.
- The Income-Contingent Repayment Plan (for Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans and Direct PLUS Loans for Graduate and Professional Students): Your monthly payments will be based on your annual income (and that of your spouse, if married), your family size, and the total amount of your Direct Loans. Borrowers have 25 years to repay under this plan, the unpaid portion will be forgiven. However, you may have to pay income tax on the amount that is forgiven
If you can demonstrate that the above repayment plans cannot accommodate your particular economic circumstances, the US Department of Education may provide you with an alternate repayment plan. You may want to read the U.S. Dept of Education's Repaying Your Student Loans for more detailed information about repayment options.
Who manages my loan account?
The US Department of Education uses several loan servicers to manage borrowers' Direct Loan accounts. If you are not sure who your loan servicer is, you can look up the information for your account on the National Student Loan Data System at www.nslds.ed.gov
How can I find out how much I have borrowed?
Using your PIN, you can obtain complete information about your Direct Loan account and even make online payments at Direct Loan Servicing Online. (www.studentloans.gov)
You may also access information about your student loan borrowing and other types of federal student aid you have received at the National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS) for Students. (www.nslds.ed.gov/nslds_SA)
Where do I send my loan payments?
You can make Direct Loan payments online at the Direct Loan online website. (www.studentloans.gov)
You can make payments at any time on your loans. Be sure to include your Social Security Number (SSN) on your check. You should check the Direct Loan Servicing Online website for further instructions about mailing your Direct Loan payments.
What if I have trouble making my direct loan payments?
The first thing to do is to contact the Direct Loan Servicing Center at 1-800-848-0979. They will discuss with you the various options that may make it easier for you to manage your monthly payment schedule. You may be able to have your monthly payments lowered by changing to a different payment plan.
Under some circumstances, such as returning to school, becoming unemployed or suffering economic hardship, you may qualify for a deferment. If granted a deferment, you will be able to suspend regular loan payments for a certain time. If your loan was first disbursed after July 1, l993, and you are not in default, refer to the Student Loan Deferment and Cancellation Summary for a list of available deferments.
Being granted a deferment is not automatic. You must submit your request for a deferment in writing and continue to make your regular loan payments until the deferment is granted. You may view the approved conditions for obtaining a deferment and download the appropriate deferment form for your situation at the Direct Loan Servicing Online Deferment Forms page.
If you don't qualify for a deferment, you may be able to request forbearance. If granted forbearance, you may be permitted to reduce or delay your regular payments for a time.
Being granted forbearance is not automatic. You must submit your request for forbearance in writing and continue to make your regular loan payments until forbearance is granted. If your loan debt burden equals or exceeds 20% of your gross income, you have a right to forbearance, renewable annually for up to three years. You may view the approved conditions for obtaining forbearance and download the appropriate forbearance form for your situation at the Direct Loan Servicing Online Forbearance Forms page.
Finally, if you have a number of educational loans and have difficulty making payments on all of them, you may qualify for a Federal Direct Consolidated Loan. Loan consolidation allows you to combine multiple loan debts into just one monthly payment and can help lower your monthly repayment amount by extending the repayment period.
What happens if I don't make my loan payments on time?
If you don't make your loan payments on time and don't contact the Direct Loan Servicing Center about it, you will be considered delinquent in repaying the loan. If you fail to make payments for six months, the loan will go into default. If this happens, you can be asked by the federal government to repay the entire loan immediately. You can be sued to collect the amount of the original loan, plus interest, court costs and other penalties. You will be reported to national credit bureaus and have your credit rating adversely affected. Your income tax refunds may be withheld and up to 15% of your wages can be garnisheed to collect the debt. If you are receiving Social Security, the federal government may withhold a portion of your benefits to pay your loan debt. Finally, your school records will be impounded and you will be prohibited from receiving any federal student aid at any school you wish to attend until the default is resolved.
What can I do if I am notified I am in default?
Contact the Direct Loan Servicing Center. They will inform you under what circumstances you may have the default status rescinded and will discuss with you the possibilities for regaining your eligibility for financial aid and rehabilitating your loan. If you have a FFELP loan, you should contact your lender or guaranty agency about similar options available for restoring financial aid eligibility and rehabilitating your loan.
You may regain eligibility for federal financial aid by making satisfactory payment arrangements on your defaulted loan with the loan servicer or guarantee agency handling your account. A satisfactory repayment arrangement is defined as making 6 consecutive voluntary monthly payments of an amount determined reasonable and affordable based on your financial circumstances.
If you make 9 consecutive, voluntary, and on-time monthly payments of a reasonable and affordable amount under an agreement with the loan servicer or guarantee agency, you will qualify for loan rehabilitation. Loan rehabilitation provides you with a "second chance" by removing your student loan from default status, restoring financial aid eligibility and reinstating deferment privileges.
Can I ever get out of repaying my loan?
There are certain exceptional circumstances, such as the borrower's death or permanent disability, which can result in the discharge or cancellation of a student loan. A discharge releases the borrower from all obligations to repay. There are also certain conditions under which your Direct Loan balance can be forgiven. A list of discharge conditions can be found in the Student Loan Deferment and Cancellation Summary.
Remember that your loan cannot be discharged because you didn't complete your program of study, didn't like the school or couldn't find a job after graduation.
Repayment assistance may be available if you serve in the military. For more information about repayment assistance, consult your recruiting officer.
For more information about discharge or repayment assistance, contact the Direct Loan Servicing Center or the lender or guarantee agency that holds your loan.
The Federal Student Aid Ombudsman is a Department of Education office that helps students resolve disputes and solve other problems with federal student loans.
What are my rights as a Direct Loan Borrower?
You have a right to:
- written information about your loan obligation, information on loan consolidation and refinancing, and a list of your rights and responsibilities as a borrower.
- a copy of your promissory note, and return of the note when your loan is paid in full.
- information, before you begin repayment, on interest rates, fees you might be charged and how they are collected, and the total balance owed on your loans.
- a loan repayment schedule that lets you know, before you begin repayment, when your first payment is due, the number and frequency of payments, and the amount of each payment.
- an explanation of default and its consequences.
- an explanation of the grace period, and of federal interest benefits, if you qualify for those benefits.
- pre-pay your loan at any time without penalty.
- a description of applicable deferment, forbearance and discharge provisions.
What are my responsibilities as a Direct Loan Borrower?
You have a responsibility to:
- repay the loan according to the loan repayment schedule even if you don't receive a bill or repayment notice.
- notify the Direct Loan Servicing Center in advance if you will be late in making a payment or if you are unable to make payments.
- notify the Direct Loan Servicing Center of anything that affects your ability to repay, or your eligibility for a deferment, forbearance or cancellation.
- notify the College, if you are still enrolled, or the Direct Loan Servicing Center of any change in your name, address, Social Security Number or any change in your employer's name or address.
- notify the Direct Loan Servicing Center if you fail to enroll for the period covered by the loan, or if you graduate, withdraw from school, begin attending less than half-time, or transfer to another school.
- receive online or in-person entrance counseling before you are given your first loan disbursement and exit counseling before you leave school.
Alternative loans, also called private loans, are used at Hostos Community College by students and their families when:
- the student is not eligible for a Federal Direct Loan because they do not meet the federal eligibility requirements
- the student is receiving the maximum Federal Direct Loan allowed for the loan period but still needs additional funds to meet the cost of attendance
Students and parents who are eligible for Federal Direct Loan funds should always borrow through the Federal Direct Loan program before turning to alternative loans to finance the student’s education at Hostos Community College.
Alternative loan costs vary widely between programs. All private lenders will review the borrower’s credit history and some will require a loan co-signer. The Office of Financial Aid at Hostos Community College does not endorse or recommend any particular alternative loan program or any particular private lender. Students and their families should carefully consider the interest rates, loan fees, and terms of the alternative loan program before deciding on a private lender.
Some alternative loan programs have restrictions regarding the minimum number of credits for which the student must enroll, as well as the requirement that the student must be matriculated (enrolled in a degree program).
The following link will direct you to a list of federal and private alternative loan lenders: Fin Aid: Education Lenders & Student Loans.